There are some anecdotes about how to copy. During the Republic of China, my country’s master of Chinese studies Li Jinxi ran a newspaper in Hunan. At that time, three people helped him transcribe the manuscript. The first scribe scribed properly and copied typos. The second scribe first reads and checks the manuscript,medical scribe and also corrects typos and ill sentences during the copying process. Later, the scribe wrote a song that became “March of the Volunteers” after Nie Er’s composing. He was Tian Han. The third scribe was different from the first two. He only copied the manuscripts that were consistent with his own opinions.
When he saw the manuscripts that were different from his own, he would not copy the manuscripts at all, let alone entangled in minor issues. This person later became a republic. The creator of Mao Zedong is Mao Zedong. Although the authenticity of the above anecdote cannot be verified, it can be seen that Tian Han and Mao Zedong did not blindly copy and copy, but copied on the basis of understanding. Therefore, candidates must also combine comprehension and transcription in the process of preparing for the test. For a sample essay, candidates should read intensively to find out new words, unfamiliar phrases and long and difficult sentences in the essay. By looking up the di.
Before the peaceful liberation of Beijing, Mao Zedong only visited Beijing twice before and after the May Fourth Movement. In these only two trips to North Drift, he had to mention his experience of “working” in the library of Peking University.
On August 15, 1918, Mao Zedong, Luo Xuezhan, Xiao Zisheng and a group of 25 people left Hunan and went north and went to Beijing on the 19th. This time I came to Beijing for the purpose of organizing young people from Hunan to go to France for work-study programs. It was also at the invitation of teacher Yang Changji, medical scribe.
In September 1918, after the introduction of Mr. Yang and the written recommendation of Peking University President Cai Yuanpei, Li Dazhao, the director of Peking University Library, found a temporary job for Mao Zedong in the library, mainly responsible for the management of the second reading room (that is, today’s newspaper reading room). 15 kinds of Chinese and foreign newspapers, registered readers’ names, and a monthly salary of 8 yuan.
As for the name of Mao Zedong’s temporary errand in the library of Peking University at that time, many writings have slightly different descriptions. For example, Snow’s “Westward Journey” records that Mao Zedong himself said: “Li Dazhao gave me a job as a library assistant. The salary is not low, and I have eight yuan a month.”medical scribe.
What is the name of Mao Zedong’s temporary errand in the Peking University Library? The author believes that it is neither an “assistant” nor a “secretary”, but a “secretary.” There are six basis.
1. There is no title of “assistant”
According to the “National Peking University Staff Record” in 1920, not only in the Peking University Library, but also in the entire Peking University institution, there is no “assistant” job title.
2. Among the four types of staff in the Peking University Library, it is more appropriate to say that it is the “secretary”
According to the “Trial Regulations of the Library Department of the General Affairs Office of Peking University” published in the “Peking University Journal” on May 10, 1920, the Peking University Library has four courses: management, reading, book management, and bibliographic editing. Write two rooms.
In addition to the library director, there are four types of staff: teaching assistants—responsible for collecting books in the library and guiding students to borrow and reference; personnel are hired from graduates of Peking University and established in September 1920; clerks—by experienced libraries The staff members, the “leader” of each class is held by the first-class clerks; the secretary—generally by newly hired novices; and the chores—including binders, typists, and writers.
It can be seen that both from the content of Mao Zedong’s work in the Peking University Library and his status as a newly recruited personnel, they are similar to the duties and requirements of the “secretary.”
3. Mao Zedong did not say that he was an “assistant”
Mao Zedong’s “Letter to the Seventh and Eighth Uncle’s Parents” dated April 28, 1919 mentioned that “the nephew served as a staff member at Peking University in Beijing.” He himself did not state that he was serving as an “assistant.” The post of “secretary” is most relevant to “staff”.
4. Memories of Jiang Menglin
medical scribe :Jiang Menglin, who used to act as the principal of Peking University, said in the article “Li Dazhao and Mao Zedong in Memories”: Mao Zedong became the secretary of the Peking University library when I acted as the principal. One day, Li Shouchang (Li Dazhao) came to the principal’s office and said that Mao Zedong had no food, what should I do? I said, why not let him still run a cooperative? He said no, he was bankrupt. I said, then if there is anything in the library, give him a position. So I picked up a pen and wrote a note: Send Mao Zedong as the secretary of the library, with a monthly salary of 17 yuan.
Jiang Menglin’s memories are obviously wrong in time. Cai Yuanpei left Peking University after the May Fourth Movement in 1919. In July, Jiang Menglin took care of the school affairs of Peking University. Until the beginning of the new semester of Peking University in September, Cai Yuanpei arrived at the school to handle school affairs, which lasted two months. Mao Zedong worked in the Peking University Library from September 1918 to March 1919. For about half a year, Jiang Menglin handled the affairs of Peking University on his behalf four months after Mao Zedong left Peking University. It was impossible for Mao Zedong to seek a “post” in Peking University. However, Jiang Menglin’s recollection clearly stated that the name of the temporary errand that Mao Zedong had sought was “Secretary.”
5. Xiao Zisheng’s memories
According to Xiao Zisheng (medical scribe), a classmate of Mao Zedong’s Hunan Provincial First Normal University and one of the main organizers of Hunan’s work-study program in Beijing, he recalled in “Mao Zedong and Me”: Due to the difficulties in life, they wrote to ask if Cai Yuanpei could place a classmate to clean the classroom. jobs. After President Cai learned about this, he had a better idea and wrote a letter to Li Dazhao, the curator of Peking University Library: “Mr. Shouchang Dajian: Mao Zedong wants to find a half-work and half-study job in this school, please try to place a secretary in the library. , Responsible for organizing books and cleaning the room, with a monthly salary of eight yuan. Cai Yuanpei is today.”
The memories of Xiao Zisheng also clearly stated that the name of the temporary errand that Mao Zedong had sought was “Secretary.”