Angina is chest ache or pain triggered when your heart muscle would not get enough oxygen-wealthy blood. It may feel like pressure or squeezing for your chest. The pain also can occur on your shoulders, fingers, neck, jaw, or back. Angina pain may additionally even feel like indigestion. But, angina is not a disease. It is a symptom of an underlying coronary heart trouble, generally coronary heart disease .
There are many varieties of angina, consisting of microvascular angina, prinzmetal’s angina, solid angina, volatile angina and version angina. View an animation of angina(hyperlink opens in new window). This generally takes place due to the fact one or greater of the coronary arteries is narrowed or blocked, also known as ischemia. Angina can also be a symptom of coronary microvascular ailment (mvd). That is coronary heart sickness that affects the heart’s smallest coronary arteries and is much more likely to have an effect on girls than guys. Coronary mvd also is called cardiac syndrome x and non-obstructive chd. Study more about angina in girls. Relying at the kind of angina you have got, there are numerous factors which can trigger angina pain. The signs and symptoms additionally vary based at the sort of angina you’ve got.
Styles of angina
understanding the styles of angina and the way they differ is critical. Solid angina / angina pectoris
variant (prinzmetal) angina
recognize your threat for angina
if you’re at threat for heart ailment or coronary mvd, you’re additionally at hazard for angina.
The predominant chance factors for coronary heart disorder and coronary mvd consist of:
dangerous cholesterol levels
high blood pressure
obese or obesity
older age (the chance will increase for men after 45 years of age and for girls after 55 years of age.)
own family history of early heart ailment
analysis of angina
all chest pain must be checked out via a healthcare company. When you have chest pain, your health practitioner will want to find out whether it’s angina and if it is, whether the angina is strong or risky. If it’s unstable, you could need emergency medical treatment to try to save you a coronary heart attack. Your doctor will most in all likelihood perform a bodily exam, ask approximately your signs, and ask approximately your danger factors for and your own family records of heart disease and other cardiovascular situations.
Speak on your medical doctor
your doctor will probably ask you a chain of inquiries to rule out the most vital or existence-threatening possibilities. Think beforehand so that you can provide as a great deal facts as viable.
Here are a few questions you is probably asked:
how long have you had this circumstance?
On a scale of 1 (mild) to 10 (crucial), what is your stage of pain?
What behavior(s) initiate the pain?
Physical pastime? Consuming?
What relieves the pain?.
Remedy of angina
all chest ache ought to be checked by using a doctor. In case your physician thinks which you have risky angina or that your angina is related to a critical heart condition, they will suggest the subsequent exams and tactics:
stress trying out
coronary angiography and cardiac catheterization
computed tomography angiography
treatment of angina consists of:
way of life adjustments
those treatments will help reduce pain and soreness and the way frequently the angina ache takes place. They may additionally save you or decrease your danger for heart assault and loss of life with the aid of treating anything underlying cardiovascular situation you may have. No longer all chest pain is a sign of coronary heart disorder.
Different conditions also can cause chest ache, including:
pulmonary embolism (a blockage in a lung artery)
aortic dissection (tearing of a major artery)
a lung infection
aortic stenosis (narrowing of the coronary heart’s aortic valve)
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (heart muscle ailment)
pericarditis (inflammation within the tissues that surround the coronary heart)
a panic assault